In August 1940, the British government declared the August Offer, a proposal to give limited self-government to India. The offer was made by Viceroy Lord Linlithgow and Prime Minister Winston Churchill, who wanted to secure Indian support for the war effort against Nazi Germany.
The August Offer proposed a gradual transfer of power from the British Raj to an Indian Government. It promised that after the war, India would be granted full Dominion status within the Commonwealth, with a bicameral legislature comprising of an upper house representing the princely states and a lower house elected from the provincial legislatures. The offer also promised to review the Government of India Act 1935 to make it more representative of Indian opinion.
The Congress Party rejected the offer as inadequate and unsatisfactory. They argued that it did not go far enough in granting real autonomy or self-determination to India. In particular, they objected to the presence of a nominated upper house, which they felt would be dominated by conservative forces loyal to Britain. The Muslim League led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah also rejected the offer as they felt it was too vague and did not adequately address Muslim concerns about their future in an independent India.
The rejection of the August Offer marked a watershed moment in Indian politics, as it demonstrated that India was no longer willing to accept a British-imposed solution but instead demanded meaningful independence on its own terms. This ultimately led to the partition of India in 1947, which granted independence to both Hindu and Muslim majority areas with separate statehoods for each.
Which among the following is true under the August Offer
August Offer was a major political initiative announced by the then Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi, in August 1975. The offer was made to resolve the ongoing political crisis between the ruling Congress Party and the opposition parties.
The August Offer proposed the following measures:
1. The dissolution of the then existing Lok Sabha and the formation of a new government on the basis of a consensus among all political parties.
2. The right of the opposition parties to participate in the formation of the new government as well as in its functioning.
3. The right to vote on all important matters before the Lok Sabha.
4. The guarantee that fundamental rights and freedoms would be fully respected.
5. The guarantee that no citizen would be arrested or detained without due process being followed.
6. The appointment of an impartial tribunal to investigate allegations against the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and her family members for alleged misuse of power and other offenses.
7. The establishment of a national economic policy based on consensus among all political parties and free from any kind of discrimination or favouritism towards any particular group or class of people.
8. The establishment of a commission to investigate allegations of corruption in government institutions and departments.
9. The appointment of an independent officer to monitor the implementation of the August Offer and to report on its progress regularly to Parliament and other constitutional bodies.
10. An assurance that all political prisoners would be released from jail as soon as possible, with due respect for their human rights and dignity as citizens of India.
11. An assurance that all economic measures taken by the government would be free from any kind of discrimination or favouritism towards any particular group or class of people.
12. An assurance that all economic policies adopted by the government would be aimed at providing maximum benefit to all sections of society, including farmers, workers, rural poor, small businesses, etc., regardless of their political affiliation or religious identity.
13. A commitment to uphold and protect secularism as an essential feature of Indian democracy, while safeguarding minority rights and interests at all times without any bias or prejudice against any section of society or community.
Which was the most important salient feature of the August Offer
The August Offer, also known as the August Declaration, was a proposal made by then-Viceroy of India, Lord Irwin, on behalf of the British government in August of 1940. It proposed a major shift in British policy towards India, and was seen as an attempt to gain widespread Indian support for Britain’s war effort in World War II. The offer included the promise of eventual Dominion status for India and the establishment of a representative body to advise on and frame the future constitution of India.
The most important salient feature of the August Offer was its recognition of India’s right to self-determination and its promise to grant Dominion status to India after the war. This signalled a major shift in British policy towards India, since before then, the British had been determined to maintain their rule over the country.
The August Offer also proposed the establishment of a representative body to advise on and frame the future constitution of India. This was an important step towards granting Indians greater control over their own destiny. The offer proposed that members of this body be elected by Indian provinces and princely states, with some appointed by the British government.
The offer did not include any immediate transfer of power to Indians, but it did open up possibilities for negotiation with Indian leaders in the future. It was seen as a sign that Britain was willing to make concessions when it came to Indian independence, which had been denied for decades prior.
Overall, the most important salient feature of the August Offer was its recognition that India deserved self-determination and its promise to grant them Dominion status when the war ended. This recognition set an important precedent for later negotiations on Indian independence, and opened up possibilities for further discussions between Indians and the British government about how best to achieve independence.
What are the five salient features
Five Salient Features
1. Quality: Quality is one of the most important features of any product or service. It is essential to ensure that a product or service meets the highest standards of quality in order to provide a desirable and satisfactory experience for customers. Quality control is necessary throughout the entire production process from raw materials to the finished product in order to ensure that customers receive a product or service of the highest quality.
2. Innovation: Innovation is key when it comes to staying ahead of the competition and creating products and services that stand out from the competition. Companies must stay on top of new trends and technologies in order to create products and services that are innovative and appealing to customers. It is also important for companies to be able to quickly adapt to changes in customer needs and preferences.
3. Customer Service: Providing customers with excellent customer service is essential for any business as it can determine whether or not customers will purchase a product or service, and whether they will continue to use that product or service in the future. Good customer service includes providing prompt responses, offering helpful advice, being available when needed, and building relationships with customers.
4. Reliability: Products and services must be reliable in order to gain customer trust and loyalty. Customers need to know that they can rely on a company’s products and services when they need them most. Companies must ensure that their products are reliable and consistent so that customers can trust them when making purchases.
5. Value: Customers want to feel like they are getting value for their money when purchasing a product or service. Companies must strive to offer products and services at competitive prices while still providing customers with excellent quality and features. Offering discounts, promotions, and other incentives can help entice customers into making purchases as well as encourage them to remain loyal customers.